What are the classification and characteristics of semiconductor processors
In recent years, with the rapid development of the semiconductor industry, emerging technologies such as 5G, automobiles, and artificial intelligence have continued to advance. To promote human beings into the era of full intelligence, intelligent driving and intelligent robots, which are closely related to our lives, have become the main battlefield of major manufacturers.
Whether it is the core of intelligent driving or intelligent robot, it is actually a general feature and performance extension of the processor architecture. Only when the processing speed is fast enough, the power consumption is low enough, and the calculation results are accurate enough, the system can become more intelligent. At present, the processor architectures developed by science and technology mainly include CPU, DSP, GPU, FPGA and ASIC.
These are the core devices used in various systems and consist of heterogeneous processing units. It can help the system to build a flexible computing architecture.
As a scalar processor, the CPU can efficiently handle complex computations with different decisions and extensiveness. Because most CPUs operate on stored-program computer principles, all CPUs are uniquely suited for coordinating the exchange of information between various subsystems and components.
Both DSP and GPU are vector processors, which are much more flexible than CPUs and can achieve higher efficiency in limited computing functions. GPU architectures are continuously optimized to focus on certain tasks.
An FPGA is different from a processor, which contains a general-purpose processing unit and memory architecture. Logic can be precisely programmed for specific computing functions. This feature is ideal for some systems that use key delays.
There are also customizable functions in ASICs, very similar to FPGAs. But in an ASIC, the established architecture cannot be modified. This fixed architecture brings excellent performance and energy efficiency.
Each of the above processors has advantages and disadvantages, and a reasonable choice can be made according to the required characteristics. If you want to know more about the performance of original electronic components, please contact xt-zhenzhen for your answer. You can also buy all kinds of electronic components from xt-shenzhen with confidence.